The American Cleaning Institute (ACI), the Household & Commercial Products Association (HCPA, formerly known as the Consumer Specialty Products Association), and the Canadian Consumer Specialty Products Association (CCSPA) have developed an ingredient communication initiative as a way to provide consumers with information about the ingredients in products in four major categories: air care, automotive care, cleaning, and polishes and floor maintenance products.
This proactive voluntary program has been collaboratively launched by the three associations to meet the changing needs of consumers and the marketplace by creating a uniform system for providing ingredient information to consumers in a meaningful and easy-to-understand way. This initiative provides different means to inform consumers about the ingredients in products: on the product label; on the manufacturers’, distributors’, or importers’ website; through a toll-free telephone number; or through some other non-electronic means.
This program builds on the already strong foundation the industry has established for sharing information with consumers. It is largely based upon the labeling conventions in use today in the U.S. for food, drugs and cosmetics that consumers are already familiar with. Through this program, participating manufacturers, distributors and importers will take an additional, significant step toward meeting consumer desire for more information about the products they use.
- The program’s four covered product categories include: air care (e.g. air fresheners), automotive care (e.g. antifreeze), cleaning (e.g. dish care, laundry detergents, household cleaning), and polishes and floor maintenance products (e.g. waxes, polishes).
- All ingredients in these product categories will be listed, except incidental ingredients that have no technical or functional effect in the product.
- Dyes, fragrances, and preservatives can be identified by class/function descriptors. For example, dyes, fragrances, and preservatives may be identified as "dyes," "fragrances," or "preservatives." Chemical function or chemical class descriptions can also be used where there is a need to protect confidential business information.
- Ingredients present at concentrations greater than one percent will be listed in descending order by predominance. Ingredients present at concentrations of less than one percent will be listed without regard to the order of predominance.
- Ingredients will be listed by either: the International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI) name, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name, Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) name, or by the common chemical name.
- Ingredients will be listed either on the product label, through the manufacturers’, distributors’, or importers' website, through a toll-free telephone number, or through some other non-electronic means.
- This is a voluntary program in effect since January 2010.
More information on the initiative can be found on the associations’ websites:
- ACI – www.cleaninginstitute.org/sustainability
- CCSPA – www.healthycleaning101.org
- HCPA – www.thehcpa.org
Model - Consumer Product Ingredient Communication Initiative
What is the Consumer Product Ingredient Communication Initiative?
- Member companies of the American Cleaning Institute (ACI), the Household & Commercial Products Association (HCPA, formerly known as the Consumer Specialty Products Association), and the Canadian Consumer Specialty Products Association (CCSPA) are responding to consumer requests for ingredient information.
- The goals of this voluntary program are:
- to provide meaningful information on ingredients;
- in a consistent, easy-to-understand, proactive manner;
- that will help consumers make informed decisions about the products they use in and around their homes.
What are the elements of the initiative?
- The initiative will include the disclosure of ingredients intentionally added to air care products, automotive products, cleaning products, and polishes and floor maintenance products. This includes many of the products used in and around the home, such as air fresheners, laundry detergents, dish care products, and floor waxes and polishes.
- This information will be provided to consumers on the product’s label, the manufacturer’s website, through a toll-free number or through other non-electronic means (to assist those who do not have access to the Internet).
- The program will become effective in January 2010. This will provide product manufacturers the necessary time to get the systems in place and develop the various mechanisms to reach consumers.
- The format for ingredient listing will follow the format already in place under federal law for cosmetics. Ingredients present at a concentration greater than one percent (1%) will be listed in descending order by predominance. All other ingredients will be listed in an order determined by the product manufacturer.
How are these products currently regulated?
In the United States, these products must meet labeling requirements as established through the current system of risk evaluation and risk-based labeling under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA) regulations for consumer products and administered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Through the FHSA regulations, the point of purchase label informs consumers about the potential hazards, product ingredients contributing to those hazards, appropriate handling and storage, and applicable first aid information.
In Canada, there are various laws which regulate ingredients and labels for consumer products. Ingredients that make up these product types are regulated under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) by Environment Canada and Health Canada. For product packages and labels, the Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations (CCCR, 2001) by Health Canada contains packaging requirements for precautionary labeling to ensure that consumers are aware of the potential hazards if the products are not used correctly and safely.
Why is industry providing this ingredient information?
- Our companies are responding to the changing desires of consumers and the marketplace.
- This initiative builds upon the comprehensive labeling systems currently in Canada and the United States. It also complements the Canadian Chemicals Management Plan and the U.S. Chemical Assessment and Management Program (ChAMP).
- Additionally, under the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, both governments are committed to ensuring the safety of chemicals and working towards greater collaboration with respect to sharing data and information to ultimately protect our citizens and our environment. ACI, CSPA and CCSPA share the goals of that commitment and believe this initiative is consistent with that intent.
The American Cleaning Institute (ACI), the Household & Commercial Products Association (HCPA, formerly known as the Consumer Specialty Products Association), and the Canadian Consumer Specialty Products Association (CCSPA) have developed a voluntary ingredient communication initiative to provide consumers with information about the ingredients in products in four categories: air care, automotive care, cleaning, and polishes and floor maintenance products.
The guidance in this document is being provided to assist companies participating in the Initiative ("Participants"). All referenced sections in this document refer to the Consumer Product Ingredient Communication Model developed by CSPA, CCSPA, and ACI, unless otherwise noted.
Section II(b)(i) provides that ingredients may be identified using one or more of the following naming systems: International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI), International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) name, common chemical name.
Resources for accessing these naming systems include:
International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
Common Chemical Name
Common chemical names are specific chemical names (as opposed to function or class descriptors) traditionally employed by the industry or the name recognized by the consumer where such name recognition has been established over a period of time. Ingredients that consist primarily of a specific chemical compound may have numerous common chemical names that differ from the INCI, IUPAC and CAS names. In some cases, common names for specific compounds may also be chemical class descriptors widely recognized by consumers, such as sodium chloride having the common name "salt".
Some other examples of common names for specific chemical compounds include:
- Isopropyl alcohol for propan-2-ol
- Potash for potassium carbonate
- Lye for potassium/sodium hydroxide
- Soda ash for sodium carbonate
- Lime for calcium oxide
- Baking soda for sodium bicarbonate
- Epsom salt for hydrated magnesium sulfate
- Urea for aminomethanamide
II. Confidential Business Information
Section II(b)(iii) of CSPA’s and ACI’s Initiative provides that ingredients may be listed by their chemical function and/or chemical class descriptors "where needed for protection of confidential business information."
Under this program, participants are not required to disclose information that has been claimed as confidential business information (CBI) under
existing law or private contractual agreements.
In determining whether an ingredient should be considered CBI, participants should look to existing federal and state law for guidance.
Federal law governing the confidentiality procedures for cosmetic ingredients (21 CFR §720.8) lists several factors that should be considered in determining whether the identity of an ingredient qualifies as CBI:
a. The extent to which the identity of the ingredient is known outside the [Participant’s] business;
b. The extent to which the identity of the ingredient is known by employees and others involved in [Participant’s] business;
c. The extent of measures taken by the [Participant] to guard the secrecy of the information;
d. The value of the information about the identity of the claimed trade secret ingredient to the [Participant] and to its competitors;
e.The amount of effort or money expended by [Participant] in developing the ingredient; and
f. The ease or difficulty with which the identity of the ingredient could be properly acquired or duplicated by others.
Some states have similar laws. The New Jersey Worker and Community Right to Know Act (N.J.S.A. 34:5A-1 et seq.) identifies the following factors in determining whether information is a valid trade secret:
a. The extent to which the information for which the trade secret claim is made is known outside the employer’s business;
b. The extent to which the information is known by employees and others involved in the employer’s business;
c. The extent of measures taken by the employer to guard the secrecy of the information;
d. The value of the information to the employer or the employer’s competitor;
e. The amount of effort or money expended by the employer in developing the information;
f. The ease or difficulty with which the information could be disclosed by analytical techniques, laboratory procedures, or other means.
III. Location of Ingredient Listing
Section II(c) provides that the participant may use one or more of the following media to identify ingredients: product label, manufacturer’s website, manufacturer’s toll free number, and/or other non-electronic means.
a. Product Label
Consumer product labels are regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Participants electing to list ingredients on a product’s label should review relevant CPSC and FTC labeling regulations to be certain that they are in compliance and the manner in which ingredients are provided on a label does not conflict with these regulations.
Participants that elect to list ingredients on a company or product website should provide this information in a prominent and easily accessible location on the relevant website. The website address may appear on the product label with a statement that the product’s ingredients can be found at that website. For example: For product ingredient listing, go towww.ABCProduct.com.
c. Toll-free number or other non-electronic means
Participants electing to use a toll-free number or other non-electronic means to provide the ingredient information may list the telephone number or contact information on the product label with a statement that the product’s ingredients can be obtained by contacting the manufacturer through that number or the other indicated means. For example: For product ingredient listing, please call 1-800-xxx-xxxx or contact us at [your company’s mailing address].
Section II(d) provides that "[I]ngredients present at a concentration of greater than one percent will be listed in descending order by predominance. Ingredients present at a concentration of not more than one percent will be listed but may be disclosed without respect to order of predominance." In other words, ingredients in concentrations greater than one percent must be listed from the highest to the lowest concentration in the product. Ingredients in concentrations of one percent or less can be listed in any order at the manufacturer’s discretion. The latter group of ingredients can be placed in the same list as the former, following the lowest concentration ingredients present above one percent.
The following is a sample template that participants may use for listing ingredients on a website:
Picture of Product:
- List those ingredients that are used at or above 1% in order of predominance followed by ingredients under 1% in the order you choose.
What are the benefits of this product?
To find additional information about air care, automotive, cleaning and polishes and floor maintenance products, as well as information about ingredients that may be contained in these, go to www.cleaning101.com, www.cspa.org or www.ifraorg.org.
V. What constitutes "intentionally added ingredients"?
Participants will disclose all ingredients in the subject product categories except incidental ingredients that have no technical or functional effect in the product. In determining what constitutes an incidental ingredient, Participants should look to existing federal law.
Federal law for the labeling of cosmetic ingredients (21 CFR §701.3) defines "incidental ingredients" as:
a. Substances that have no technical or functional effect in the [product] but are present by reason of having been incorporated into the [product] as an ingredient of another [product] ingredient.
b. Processing aids, which are as follows:
i. Substances that are added to a [product] during the processing of such [product] but are removed from the [product] in accordance with good manufacturing practices before it is packaged in its finished form.
ii. Substances that are added to a [product] during processing for their technical or functional effect in the processing, are converted to substances the same as constituents of declared ingredients, and do not significantly increase the concentration of those constituents.
iii. Substances that are added to a [product] during the processing of such [product] for their technical and functional effect in the processing but are present in the finished [product] at insignificant levels and do not have any technical or functional effect in that [product].
VI. Canadian Consumer Product Ingredient Communication Initiative
For more information on the materials related to Canadian Consumer Specialty Products Association’s voluntary ingredient communications program go to: www.healthycleaning101.org.