The American Cleaning Institute (ACI)

Research Studies

Year Title Chemical Class Subject

Quantifying the benefits of using read-across and in silico techniques to fulfill hazard data requirements for chemical categories

Author : Kathleen Stanton, Francis H. Kruszewski

Alternative methods

iSTREEM 174; An approach for broad-scale in-stream exposure assessment of down-the-drain chemicals

Author : Katherine E Kapo, Paul C DeLeo, Raghu Vamshi, Christopher M Holmes, Darci Ferrer, Scott D Dyer, Xinhao Wang, Charlotte White-Hull

Risk Assessment

Proceedings of the Joint Government-Industry Workshop on Progress Towards Non-Animal Alternatives to the Draize Test

Author : K. A. Booman, S. J. DeSalva, K. C. Gupta

Animal Alternatives Alternative methods

Use of Read-Across of Existing Hazard Data to Fulfill HPV Chemical Program Requirements without the Need for New Animal Testing

Author : Kruszewski, F., P. DeLeo, K. Stanton, R. Sedlak

Animal Alternatives

Comment On the Need and Speed of Regulating Triclosan and Triclocarban in the United States?

Author : Paul C. DeLeo and Richard I. Sedlak

Antimicrobials Risk Assessment

An In-Vitro Time-Kill Evaluation of Four Test Materials When Challenged with Various Bacterial and Yeast Species - BAC, BZT, PCMX, ethanol

Antimicrobials Safety

Comparative analysis of antibiotic and antimicrobial biocide susceptibility data in clinical isolates of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa between 1989 and 2000

Author : Lambert, R.J.W.

Antimicrobials Safety

Management Options for Reducing the Release of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes to the Environment

Author : Pruden A, Larsson DG, Amézquita A, Collignon P, Brandt KK, Graham DW, Lazorchak JM, Suzuki S, Silley P, Snape JR, Topp E, Zhang T, Zhu YG.

Antimicrobials Safety

Benzalkonium Chloride Risks to Aquatic and Benthic Invertebrates Are Uncertain, Depending on Bioavailability. Exposures via biosolids are not a concern.

Author : Kyle Fetters, Phyllis Fuchsman, Michael Bock, Alison O’Connor, Lauren Brown, Igor Mrdjen, Miranda Henning, Monica Lam, Nathan Pechacek, Kathleen Stanton

Antimicrobials General

Scientifically Sound Model Links Benefits of Antibacterial Hand Wash to Reduction of Disease

Author : Kruszewski, F.H. and Krowka, J.F.

Antimicrobials Efficacy